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Black Sea Fleet: All Ships



      Guided Missile Frigate "Ladny"
Project 1135 / Krivak I Class

This frigate is recognized by international specialists as a best ship in its class (frigate). The specialists notes next indices: design, power-to-weight ratio, speed, armament.

The Krivak was designed as a “2 nd-rate” counter part to the “1 st-rate” Kresta-II and Kara classes, with which it initially shared the same BPK classification. In the late 1970s the designation changed to SKR (Storozhevoy Koabl'), a more accurate indication of their actual capabilities.

Although the class followed on from the Kashin in terms of construction dates, the Krivak is smaller, has an altogether more sophisticated ASW outfit, lacks an area defence SAM system arguably the main armament of the Kashin and is easier to build the latter factor made it possible to allocate construction to the smaller Baltic and Black Sea shipyards, leaving the slipways of the traditional naval yards free for the construction of larger units.

The major ASW system is the SS-N-14 missile, fired from a bulky quadruple launcher forward. This is backed up by RBU-6000 mortars immediately forward of the bridge and torpedo tubes amidships. Only close range air defence is provided, in the form of SA-N-4 “bins” fore and aft and a pair of 76mm mountings (later ships, designated Krivak-II, have single 100mm). The Krivak is unusual in its generation in having no “last ditch” anti missile system such as the 30mm Gatting; ECM provision is also minimal compared with the “1st rate” BPKs.

The Krivaks are fitted with four gas turbines, two for cruising (24,000shp) and two for boost (48,000shp). The ships thus have rapid acceleration from a cold start, coupled with good endurance (4,600 miles at 20kt).

The eleven Krivak-IIs differ from the earlier vessels in having two 100mm guns in single mounts and the break to the quarterdeck further aft.

Guided Missile Frigate "Ladny": laid down 25 May 1979 into the Zaliv Zavod, Kerch', launched 7 May 1980, completed 25 Feb 1981.

Now in service.

Builder: 61 Kommunara SY 445, Nikolayev, Ukraine
Year: 1978
Displacement: 3,420 tons full load
Speed: 32.2 knots
Dimensions: 123.1 x 14.2 x 4.28 meters / 403.9 x 46.6 x 14 feet
Propulsion: COGAG: 2 M62 cruise gas turbines, 12,000 shp, 2 M8K boost gas turbines, 36,000 shp; 2 shafts, 48,000 shp, 30 knots
Crew: 197
Radar: MR-310U Angara-M/Head Net-C 3-D air search
Sonar: MGK-332MC Titan-2/Bull Nose hull mounted MF
MG-325 Vega/Mare Tail MF VDS
Fire Control: Planshet-35 combat system
Purga ASW combat system
2 Drakon/Eye Bowl SSM targeting
2 MPZ-301 Baza/Pop Group SAM control
EW: Smerch suite with Bell Shroud intercept
Bell Squat jammer
4 PK-16 decoy RL
2 towed decoy
Missiles: 4 URK-5/SS-N-14 Rastrub/Silex SSM/ASW missiles
2 Osa-MA-2 SAM systems (40 9M-33/SA-N-4 Gecko SAM)
Guns: 2 dual 76.2mm/59 cal DP AK-726
Ect. armament: 2 RBU-6000 ASW RL
2 x 4 21 inch torpedo tubes (SET-65, 53-65 torpedoes)
12-16 mines
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