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Amphibious Ships

LST Saratov
Large Landing Ship Saratov
Project 1171 / Alligator Class

The Project 1171 Tapir Large Landing Ship (Bol'shoy Desatnyy Korabl' - BDK) is a beachable, general-purpose LST-type design with bow and stern ramps for unloading vehicles. Produced in at least four different types beginning in 1966, there are numerous variations in detail between units. Many have been retired, and remaining units may be in reserve, given the Russian Navy's decreased emphasis on amphibious operations.

Large Landing Ship BDK-10 laid down on 05 February 1964 at the Yantar Shipyard, Kaliningrad (yard No.291), launched on 01 July 1964, commissioned on 18 August 1966 and was assigned to the Black Sea Fleet.

From 22.02.1967 - Voronezhsky komsomolets, from 15.02.1992 - BDK-65, from 26.07.2003 - Saratov.

On 24 March 2022, the large landing ship Saratov, which was unloading at the port of Berdyansk (Ukraine) as part of the Black Sea Fleet warships group, was damaged by fire and accompanying explosions. Having received damage to the hull, the ship sank at the berth in the port of Berdyansk.

Displacement (tons):
Full load:4946
Dimensions (m):
Speed (knots):17,3
Range:6312 nmi (17,3 knots), 7654 nmi (16,3 knots), 9150 nmi (9 knots)
Autonomy (days):15
Propulsion:2x4500 hp 58A diesels2 fixed pitch propellers, 2x300 kW DGR-300/500-1 diesel generators, 1 DGR-100/750 diesel generator
Armament:1x2 57 mm ZIF-31B 1200 rounds
3x4 MTU-4S launchers 9K34 Strela-3 SAM system launchers 24 9M36 missiles (on Petr Ilyichev - 16 missiles)
Electronics:2 Don navigation radars, Khrom-KM IFF, MG-7 Braslet anti-saboteur sonar
Cargo:20 main battle tanks and 313 troops or 47 BTR and 313 troops or 52 army trucks and 313 troops
Complement:77 (6 officers, 9 warrant-officers)


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