The Project 58 Missile cruisers, known to NATO
as the Kynda class were the first Soviet missile cruisers and a considerable advance
for the Soviet Navy. The Kynda Class was designed within the framework of the
anti-carrier naval construction doctrines of 1956-59. Initially laid down as destroyers,
on 29 September 1962 they were redesignated as Missile Cruisers. Only slightly
longer than the Krupnyy and Kildin destroyer, they had significantly more firepower.
main purpose of the Project 58 was considered the destruction of light cruisers,
destroyers and large transports of the enemy and conduct a successful battle with
enemy ships, armed with short-range rocket weapons. Subsequently add the task
defeat the enemy aircraft carrier formations.
The Kynda is a missile cruiser
with the odd feature of having a large trainable four round launcher forward and
aft. A large sensor mast is fitted in front of each funnel. The twin arm SAM launcher
is mounted forward and the two gun turrets at the rear. A helicopter deck allows
a Ka-25 helicopter to be carried. The main armament consist of two trainable four
round launchers for the 4K44 surface to surface missile, with a total of 16 missiles
carried. Additionally two twin 76mm AK-726 dual purpose turrets are fitted. Air
defense is provided by a single twin round Volna launcher with 16 missiles (and
two twin 30mm AK-230 after modernization). Anti-submarine weapons include two
tripple 533mm torpedo launchers and two RBU-6000 ASW rocket launchers.
cruiser Doblestnyy laid down 20 Aprtil 1961 at the Shipyard No.190 named after
A.A. Zhdanova, Leningrad (yard No.782), launched 18 July 1962, commissioned 30
December 1964. From 18 December 1962 - Admiral Golovko.
From 22 January
1965 missile cruiser became part of the Northern Fleet. 22 March 1968 transferred
to Black Sea Fleet. The missile cruiser served in the 30th Surface Ship Division
of the Black Sea Fleet.
In 2002 the missile cruiser Admiral Golovko was
excluded from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet and scrapped.
| Displacement (tons):|
nmi (14,3 knots), 3500 nmi (18 knots), 1500 nmi (34 knots)|
hp TV-12 GTZA, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2x750 kW turbine-type generators, 2x500
kW diesel generators |
SM-70 P-35 anti-ship missile complex launchers (16 4K44 missiles) - "Binom"
fire control system|
1x2 ZIF-102 M-1 "Volna" SAM system launcher
(16 V-600 missiles (4K90)) - 4R90 "Yatagan" fire control system
2x2 76 mm AK-726 (1250 rounds) - 2 MR-105 "Turel`" fire control systems
2x1 45 mm 21KM
2x3 533 mm TTA-53-57bis torpedo tubes (6 SET-53, 53-57 torpedoes)
- "Zummer" fire control system
2x12 RBU-6000 "Smerch-2"
(96 RGB-60) - "Burya" fire control system
Helipad for Ka-25 helicopter
|Electronics:||2 MR-300 "Angara"
air/surface search radars, "Bizan`-4D" reconnaissance radar, MRP-11-12
reconnaissance radar, 2 MRP-13-14 reconnaissance radars, 2 MRP-15-16 "Zaliv"
reconnaissance radars, 2 "Krab-11" ESM radar systems, 2 "Krab-12"
ESM radar systems, "Vzryv" ESM radar system (on Grozny), "Don"
navigation radar, 2 "Nickel-KM" and 2 "Khrom-KM" IFF, "Vizir-1",
GS-572 "Gerkules-2M" sonar |