The Chapayev class (Project 68) were a group
of cruisers built for the Soviet Navy during and after World War II. Seventeen
ships were planned but only seven were actually started before the German invasion.
Two incomplete ships were destroyed when their building yard in Nikolaev was captured
by Nazi Germany and the remaining five cruisers were completed only in 1950.
design was based on the Kirov-class cruiser, but with significant changes in armament:
4 triple 152 mm gun turrets replacing 3 triple 180 mm gun turrets. The 152 mm
B38 guns fired a 55 kg shell to 24000 m. The rate of fire was 6 to 7 rounds per
minute. The guns were mounted in individual cradles with separate elevation.
secondary armament consisted of 100 mm SM-5 guns in twin enclosed powered turrets
with a rate of fire of 15-18 rounds per minute. The light anti-aircraft guns consisted
of 37 mm weapons.
The hull was enlarged, and protection was improved compared
to the Kirov class. The machinery was based on a unit system with alternating
boiler rooms and engine rooms.
The five ships were completed after the war
to a modified design (Project 68K). The aircraft facilities and torpedo tubes
were removed and radar and improved anti-aircraft artillery added (37 mm guns
in twin powered and water cooled mountings).
Cruiser Kuybyshev laid down
on 31 August 1939 at the Shipyard No.200 named after 61 kommunara, Nikolaev, launched
on 31 January 1941. On 14 August 1941 she was towed from Nikolaev to Poti and
mothballed for the duration of the war. Commissioned on 20 April 1950 and was
assigned to the Black Sea Fleet.
On 24 April 1965 the cruiser Kuybyshev
was excluded from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet and scrapped.
| Displacement (tons):|
nmi (18 knots), 1445 nmi (32,8 knots)|
hp TV-7 GTZA, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 4x300 kW turbine-type genrators |
|Armament:||4x3 152 mm MK-5
(2100 rounds) – Molniya AC-68 with 2 radars Redan-2 fire control system|
100 mm SM-5-1 (2400 rounds) – Zenit-68K with 2 radars Vympel-2 fire control system
14x2 37 mm V-11 (14400 rounds)
60 KB or AGSB or RM-1 mines or 78 KB-3 mines
or 48 KDM-1000 mines or 90 Type 1931 mines or 88 Type 1926 mines or 146 Type 1908
Rif surface search radar, Gyuys-1M4 air search radar, Neptun navigation radar,
Fakel-MZ-Fakel-MO IFF, Tamir-5N sonar|