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Helicopter Carrier Moskva
Helicopter Carrier Moskva
Helicopter Carrier Moskva
Helicopter Carrier Moskva
Project 1123 / Moskva class

A concept of the first Soviet helicopter carrying antisubmarine cruiser received governmental support in 1958, and the Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau was instructed to implement the aforementioned concept into the Project 1123 ship. Work was supervised by Chief Designer A.Savichev. In 1967 A.Marinich succeeded him. Dozens of versions of the planned ship were considered during the design process. As a result, the 4,500-t displacement initially planned in the design and engineering requirements increased to 14,600 t at the construction stage. The ship was designed to carry 14 Ka-25 antisubmarine warfare helicopters built in compliance with the traditional Kamov Design Bureau coaxial rotor principle without the tail rotor. When the Moskva's first appeared in the late 1960s, they were the largest warships completed for the Soviet Navy since the Revolution.

The two Moskva class ships were introduced in 1967 and were homeported in the Black Sea. They deployed to the Mediterranean, the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean. They were designated as "aviation cruisers" at least in part to avoid problems with the 1936 Montreaux Convention, which prohibited passage of "aircraft carriers" through the Dardanelles.

Helicopter carrier Moskva laid down 15 December 1962 at the Chernomorsky Shipyard, Nikolaev (yard No.701), launched 14 January 1965, commissioned on 25 December 1967 and was assigned to the Black Sea Fleet.

From 15.05.1995 - PKR-108.

08 July 1996 the helicopter carrier Moskva was excluded from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet.

27 May 1997 the ship in tow left Sevastopol for India for cutting into metal.

Displacement (tons):
Full load:15280
Dimensions (m):
Hangar:50 x 22 x 5,8
Speed (knots):28,5
Range:9000 nmi (15 knots), 6000 nmi (18 knots), 4000 nmi (28,5 knots)
Autonomy (days):15
Propulsion:2x45000 hp TV-12 steam turbines, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2x1500 kW TD-1500 turbine-type generators, 2x1500 kW diesel-generators
Armament:12 Ka-25 helicopters
1 Ka-25PS helicopter
1 Ka-25Tc helicopter
2x2 B-189 M-11 Shtorm SAM system launchers (96 V-611 missiles (4K60)) 2 Grom-M fire control system
2x2 57 mm AK-725 2 MR-103 Bars-72 fire control system
1x2 MS-32 PRK-1 Vyuga launcher (8 82R anti-submarine guided missiles) PUSTB-1123 Sprut fire control system
2x5533 mm torpedo tubes PTA-53-1123 (10 SET-53, SET-65 torpedoes) removed in 1975
2x12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (120 RGB-60)
Electronics: MR-600 Voskhod air/surface search radar, MR-310 Angara-A air/surface search radar, Don navigation radar, Gurzuf ESM radar system, Gurzuf-1 ESM radar system, MRP-11-16 Zaliv ESM radar system, Kremniy-2M IFF, ARP-50 radio direction finder, MG-342 Orion sonar, MG-325 Vega sonar, MG-26 Khosta underwater communication system, MVU-201 Koren-1123 combat information control system
PK-2 decoy RL (2 ZIF-121 launchers) rounds AZ-TST-41, AZ-PTST-41, AZ-TSP-47, AZ-TST-47, AZ-TSTV-47, AZ-TSO-47 (from 1985), AZ-TSR-47 (from 1991) Tertciya fire control system
Complement:700 (130 officers) (then 850)


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