concept of the first Soviet helicopter carrying antisubmarine cruiser received
governmental support in 1958, and the Nevskoye Planning and Design Bureau was
instructed to implement the aforementioned concept into the Project 1123 ship.
Work was supervised by Chief Designer A.Savichev. In 1967 A.Marinich succeeded
him. Dozens of versions of the planned ship were considered during the design
process. As a result, the 4,500-t displacement initially planned in the design
and engineering requirements increased to 14,600 t at the construction stage.
The ship was designed to carry 14 Ka-25 antisubmarine warfare helicopters built
in compliance with the traditional Kamov Design Bureau coaxial rotor principle
without the tail rotor. When the Moskva's first appeared in the late 1960s, they
were the largest warships completed for the Soviet Navy since the Revolution.
two Moskva class ships were introduced in 1967 and were homeported in the Black
Sea. They deployed to the Mediterranean, the Atlantic and the Indian Ocean. They
were designated as "aviation cruisers" at least in part to avoid problems with
the 1936 Montreaux Convention, which prohibited passage of "aircraft carriers"
through the Dardanelles.
Helicopter carrier Moskva laid down 15 December
1962 at the Chernomorsky Shipyard, Nikolaev (yard No.701), launched 14 January
1965, commissioned on 25 December 1967 and was assigned to the Black Sea Fleet.
From 15.05.1995 - PKR-108.
08 July 1996 the helicopter carrier Moskva was
excluded from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet.
27 May 1997 the ship in
tow left Sevastopol for India for cutting into metal.
| Displacement (tons):|
x 22 x 5,8|
|Range:||9000 nmi (15 knots),
6000 nmi (18 knots), 4000 nmi (28,5 knots)|
hp TV-12 steam turbines, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2x1500 kW TD-1500 turbine-type
generators, 2x1500 kW diesel-generators |
1 Ka-25PS helicopter
1 Ka-25Tc helicopter
M-11 Shtorm SAM system launchers (96 V-611 missiles (4K60)) – 2 Grom-M fire control
2x2 57 mm AK-725 – 2 MR-103 Bars-72 fire control system
PRK-1 Vyuga launcher (8 82R anti-submarine guided missiles) – PUSTB-1123 Sprut
fire control system
2x5 533 mm torpedo tubes PTA-53-1123 (10 SET-53, SET-65
torpedoes) – removed in 1975
2x12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (120 RGB-60)
|Electronics:|| MR-600 Voskhod
air/surface search radar, MR-310 Angara-A air/surface search radar, Don navigation
radar, Gurzuf ESM radar system, Gurzuf-1 ESM radar system, MRP-11-16 Zaliv ESM
radar system, Kremniy-2M IFF, ARP-50 radio direction finder, MG-342 Orion sonar,
MG-325 Vega sonar, MG-26 Khosta underwater communication system, MVU-201 Koren-1123
combat information control system|
PK-2 decoy RL (2 ZIF-121 launchers) – rounds
AZ-TST-41, AZ-PTST-41, AZ-TSP-47, AZ-TST-47, AZ-TSTV-47, AZ-TSO-47 (from 1985),
AZ-TSR-47 (from 1991) – Tertciya fire control system
(130 officers) (then 850)|