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Black Sea Fleet: All Ships

Frigates

 

 
 
 
     
 
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Guided Missile Frigate Pitlivy
Project 1135M / Krivak II Class
 

This frigate is recognized by international specialists as a best ship in its class (frigate). The specialists notes next indices: design, power-to-weight ratio, speed, armament.

The Krivak was designed as a “2 nd-rate” counter part to the “1 st-rate” Kresta-II and Kara classes, with which it initially shared the same BPK classification. In the late 1970s the designation changed to SKR (Storozhevoy Koabl'), a more accurate indication of their actual capabilities.

Although the class followed on from the Kashin in terms of construction dates, the Krivak is smaller, has an altogether more sophisticated ASW outfit, lacks an area defence SAM system arguably the main armament of the Kashin and is easier to build the latter factor made it possible to allocate construction to the smaller Baltic and Black Sea shipyards, leaving the slipways of the traditional naval yards free for the construction of larger units.

The major ASW system is the SS-N-14 missile, fired from a bulky quadruple launcher forward. This is backed up by RBU-6000 mortars immediately forward of the bridge and torpedo tubes amidships. Only close range air defence is provided, in the form of SA-N-4 “bins” fore and aft and a pair of 76mm mountings (later ships, designated Krivak-II, have single 100mm). The Krivak is unusual in its generation in having no “last ditch” anti missile system such as the 30mm Gatting; ECM provision is also minimal compared with the “1st rate” BPKs.

The Krivaks are fitted with four gas turbines, two for cruising (24,000shp) and two for boost (48,000shp). The ships thus have rapid acceleration from a cold start, coupled with good endurance (4,600 miles at 20kt).

The eleven Krivak-IIs differ from the earlier vessels in having two 100mm guns in single mounts and the break to the quarterdeck further aft.

Guided Missile Frigate Pitlivy laid down on 27 July 1979 at the Yantar Zavod, Kaliningrad (yard No.169), launched on 16 April 1981, completed 30 November 1981 and was assigned to the Black Sea Fleet.

Now in service.

Specifications
Displacement (tons):
Standard: 2935
Full load:3305
Dimensions (m):
Length:123
Beam:14,2
Draft:4,5
Speed (knots):32
Range:4000 nmi (14 knots), 3515 nmi (18 knots), 3155 nmi (24 knots), 1240 nmi (32 knots)
Autonomy (days):30
Propulsion:1x46000 hp M7K gas-turbine (2x6000 hp M62 gas-turbines, 2x17000 hp M8K forsage gas-turbines), 2 fixed pitch propellers, 5x500 kW DGAG-500/G-MSH diesel-generators (or DGAS-500/1MSH)
Armament:1x4 KT-M-1135 URK-5 Rastrub-B launcher (4 85RU anti-submarine guided missiles) - SU-85KS-I Musson-U fire control system
2x1 100 mm AK-100 (1250 rounds) – MR-114 Lev-214 fire control system
2x2 ZIF-122 SAM Osa-MA (40 9M33M missiles) - 4R-33A fire control system
2x4 533 mm ChTA-53-1135 (4 SET-65 torpedoes, 4 53-65K torpedoes) – SU-504A Drakon-1135 fire control system
2x12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (96 RGB-60)
2x7 55 mm MRG-1 Ogonyok (420 RG-55, GRS-55 grenades)
18 IGDM-500 mines or 10 KSM mines or 14 KAM mines or 14 KB Krab mines or 10 Serpey mines or 4 PMR-1 mines or 7 PMR-2 mines or 7 MTPK-1 mines or 14 RM-1 mines or 12 UDM-2 mines
Electronics: MR-310A Angara-A air/surface search radar, Volga navigation radar, Don navigation radar, MP-401S Start-S ESM radar system, Nickel-KM and Khrom-KM IFF (then Kremniy, from 1985 - Parol), ARP-50R radio direction finder, MG-332 Titan-2 sonar, MG-325 Vega sonar, MG-329 Bronza sonar, MG-26 Hosta underwater communication system, 2 MG-7 Braslet anti-saboteur sonars, MGS-400K sonar, KMG-12 Kassandra, MI-110R, MI-110K or MI-110KM, KPF-2-2, R-785 Tayfun communication complex
PK-16 ship-borne decoy dispenser system (4 KL-101 launcher) – 128 AZ-TST-60, AZ-TSP-60UM (from 1991), AZ-TSTM-60U (from 1994) rounds
Complement:192 (23 officers)

 

 
       
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