This frigate is recognized by international specialists
as a best ship in its class (frigate). The specialists notes next indices: design,
power-to-weight ratio, speed, armament. In the late 1970s the designation changed
to SKR (Storozhevoy Koabl'), a more accurate indication of their actual capabilities.
Although the class followed on from the Kashin in terms of construction
dates, the Krivak is smaller, has an altogether more sophisticated ASW outfit,
lacks an area defence SAM system arguably the main armament of the Kashin and
is easier to build the latter factor made it possible to allocate construction
to the smaller Baltic and Black Sea shipyards, leaving the slipways of the traditional
naval yards free for the construction of larger units.
The major ASW system
is the 85RU missiles, fired from a bulky quadruple launcher forward. This is backed
up by RBU-6000 mortars immediately forward of the bridge and torpedo tubes amidships.
Only close range air defence is provided, in the form of "Osa" fore
and aft and a pair of 76mm mountings (later ships, designated Krivak-II, have
two single 100mm). The Krivak is unusual in its generation in having no “last
ditch” anti missile system such as the 30mm Gatting; ECM provision is also minimal
compared with the “1st rate” BPKs.
The Krivaks are fitted with four gas
turbines, two for cruising (12,000shp) and two for boost (48,000shp). The ships
thus have rapid acceleration from a cold start, coupled with good endurance (4,000
miles at 14kt).
Guided Missile Frigate Razitelny laid down on 11 February
1975 at theYantar Shipyard, Kaliningrad (yard No.161), launched on 01 July 1976,
commissioned on 31 December 1976 and was assigned to the Black Sea Fleet.
Frigate Razitelny was excluded from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet on 01 August
1997 and transferred to Ukraine.
01 August 1997 the frigate was transferred
to the Ukrainian Navy, receiving the name of Sevastopol (hull number U132). But
due to the poor state of the ship, Nikolaev never left Sevastopol.
November 2004 the ship was decommissioned. A disarmed ship in 2005 was sold to
the Turkish company for metall. 06 July 2006 towed to Istanbul.
| Displacement (tons):|
nmi (14 knots), 3515 nmi (18 knots), 3155 nmi (24 knots), 1240 nmi (32 knots)|
|Propulsion:|| 1x46000 hp
M7K (2x6000 hp M62 gas-turbines, 2x17000 hp M8K forsage gas-turbines), 2 fixed
pitch propellers, 5x500 kW DGAG-500/G-MSH diesel-generators|
1x4 KT-M-1135 URK-5 Rastrub-B launcher (4 85RU anti-submarine guided missiles)
- SU-85KS-I Musson-U fire control system|
2x1 100 mm AK-100 (1250 rounds) –
MR-114 Lev-214 fire control system
2x2 ZIF-122 SAM Osa-MA (40 9M33M missiles)
- 4R-33A fire control system
2x4 533 mm ChTA-53-1135 (4 SET-65 torpedoes,
4 53-65K torpedoes) – SU-504A Drakon-1135 fire control system
Smerch-2 (96 RGB-60)
2x7 55 mm MRG-1 Ogonyok (420 RG-55, GRS-55 grenades)
18 IGDM-500 mines or 10 KSM mines or 14 KAM mines or 14 KB Krab mines or 10 Serpey
mines or 4 PMR-1 mines or 7 PMR-2 mines or 7 MTPK-1 mines or 14 RM-1 mines or
12 UDM-2 mines
MR-310A Angara-A air/surface search radar, Volga navigation radar, Don navigation
radar, MP-401S Start-S ESM radar system, Nickel-KM and Khrom-KM IFF (then Kremniy
, from 1985 - Parol` ), ARP-50R radio direction finder, MG-332 Titan-2 sonar,
MG-325 Vega sonar, MG-329 Bronza sonar, MG-26 Hosta underwater communication system,
2 MG-7 Braslet anti-saboteur sonars, MGS-400K sonar, KMG-12 Kassandra , MI-110R,
MI-110K or MI-110KM, KPF-2-2, R-785 Tayfun communication complex|
decoy dispenser system (4 KL-101 launcher) – 128 AZ-TST-60, AZ-TSP-60UM (from
1991), AZ-TSTM-60U (from 1994) rounds