The Kara class was the first new, large Soviet
surface warship in many years, and was evidently intended to boost blue-water
ASW capabilities. Although often grouped with cruisers, these ships are destroyers
by role. The Kara-class was a further development of the the Kresta-II design,
with gas-turbines replacing the steam plants of the previous classes, resulting
in major modifications to the layout of the midships section. Although larger
than the Kresta-II cruiser and with significant anti-air and anti-submarine capabilities,
these ships are classified as destroyers rather than cruisers by the Russian Navy.
In total on Project 1134B 7 ships were constructed, 4 of which served on the Black
Large ASW Destroyer Azov was enlisted in the lists of the Naval
Fleet 04.01.1972 and laid down 21.07.1972 at a factory of a name 61 Kommunara
in Nikolaev. Launched 14.09.1973, commissioned 25.12.1975 and 19.02.1976 has been
included in structure of Black Sea fleet.
Was in structure of 30-th Brigade
of the surface ships of the Black Sea fleet. Through two years after acceptance
in structure of fleet, in 1977, on Azov was established skilled sample of a SAM-rocket
complex S-300F. Into structure of the S-300F entered two revolving starting installations
on 48 rockets and control system Fort, which have placed on a place removed SAM-complex
Shtorm. This air defence system is designed to operate in a hostile environment
and is intended to counter multiple attacks by missile-carrying aircraft and by
anti-ship missiles launched by both surface ships and submarines.
Azov was unique in the world by the ship, on which simultaneously there were whole
three different SAM-rockets complex: Fort (S-300F), Shtormand Osa-M.
- 26.01.1990 - visit in Peraeus (Greece);
25.06 - 01.07.1990 - in Havana
24.06 - 28.06.1991 - in Toulon (France);
15.08 - 19.08.1991 -
in Constance (Romania).
Was removed from structure of fleet in 2000. The
name of the ship was transferred to large amphibious ship of the Black Sea fleet.
Kommunara SY 445, Nikolayev, Ukraine |
||8,825 tons full load |
x 18.5 x 6.4 meters/568.9 x 60.7 x 21 feet|
||COGAG: 3 M-62/GTZA cruise gas turbines, 12,000
shp, 18 knots; 4 M8E/GTU-12A boost gas turbines, 80,000 shp; 2 shafts, 92,000
shp, 30 knots|
x B-92 twin arm launcher for Shtorm / SA-N-3 SAM (36 rounds) |
2 x twin arm
launchers for Osa-M / SA-N-4 SAM (40 rounds)
6 x 4 VLS launchers for Fort
/ SA-N-6 SAM (48 rounds)
2 x 4 KT-100M launchers for RP33 Metel / SS-N-14
AS missile (16 rounds)
||4 x 76mm AK-726 guns in twin turrets (4800 rounds)|
4 x AK-630 CIWS (8000 rounds)
helicopter deck and hangar for 1 Ka-25/26/27 series helicopter|
x RBU6000 AS mortars (144 rounds)|
2 x RBU1000 AS mortars (60 rounds)
x 21" PTA-53-1134 torpedo tubes in twin mountings