class is the NATO reporting name for a type of military diesel-electric submarines
that are made in Russia. The original version of these vessels is designated in
Russia Project 877 "Paltus" (Turbot). There is also a more advanced
version, which is designated in the west Improved Kilo and in Russia as Project
06363. Nicknamed the Black Hole submarine by the U.S. Navy, the Improved
Kilos are extremely quiet.
The ships are powered by two diesel generators
and an electric drive, giving them enough power to make ten knots at the surface
and seventeen knots underwater. They are not fast submarines. They have a range
of six thousand to 7500 nautical miles.The ship has a rubbery anechoic coating
to deaden noise emanating from the submarine, which occasionally gives the submarines
a blocky appearance noticeable in photographs. The sensor suite consists of the
MGK-400 Rubikon (Shark Gill) low-frequency active and passive radar suite with
a passive hull array. It also has a MG519 Mouse Roar high-frequency radar for
target classification and mine avoidance. For simple surface navigation and search
the Kilos are equipped with the MRK-50 Albatros radar.
Submarine have six
torpedo tubes of standard 533-millimeter diameter, and were originally configured
to carry homing torpedoes and eighteen SS-N-15A Starfish antisubmarine missiles.
On the Improved Kilos, two of the torpedo tubes are capable of firing wire-guided
torpedoes. One major improvement of the Project 06363 is the ability to launch
Kalibr cruise missiles. Kalibr is a versatile class of missile with land-attack,
antiship, and antisubmarine warfare versions.
Submarine B-261 Novorossiysk
laid down 20 August 2010 at the Admiralty Shipyard, Saint Petersburg (yard No.01670),
launched 28 November 2013, commissioned 21 August 2014.
Now in service.
| Displacement (tons):|
|Under snorkel:||7500 nmi
nmi (3 knots)|
|Diving depth (m):|
|Propulsion:||1x5800 hp PG-141M
electric motor, 1x150 hp PG-142 electric motor, 1 fixed pitch propeller, 2x1500
kW 4DL-42M diesel-generators |
8x1 9K310 «Igla-1» SAM system launchers (9M313 missiles)
6 533 mm bow torpedo
tubes - 18 torpedoes 53-65K, 53-56B, 53-56BA, SET-53M, TEST-71M, USET-80, MG-74
«Korund-2» torpedo decoy, «Kalibr-PL» missile complex (3M54K, 3M14K missiles)
or 24 DM-1 mines
MRK-50 «Kaskad» radar complex, MRP-25 ESM radar system, «Khrom-M» IFF, MGK-400
«Rubikon» sonar complex, MG-519 «Arfa» mine detection sonar, MG-512 «Vint» self-cavitation
measurement sonar, MG-53 noise detection sonar, MG-553 «Shkert», MVU-110EM «Uzel»
combat information control system, «Andoga» navigation complex
|Complement:||60 (16 officers)|