Kilo class is the NATO reporting name for a type
of military diesel-electric submarines that are made in Russia. The original version
of these vessels is designated in Russia Project 877 "Paltus" (Turbot).
There is also a more advanced version, which is designated in the west Improved
Kilo and in Russia as Project 06363. Nicknamed the Black Hole submarine
by the U.S. Navy, the Improved Kilos are extremely quiet.
The ships are
powered by two diesel generators and an electric drive, giving them enough power
to make ten knots at the surface and seventeen knots underwater. They are not
fast submarines. They have a range of six thousand to 7500 nautical miles.The
ship has a rubbery anechoic coating to deaden noise emanating from the submarine,
which occasionally gives the submarines a blocky appearance noticeable in photographs.
The sensor suite consists of the MGK-400 Rubikon (Shark Gill) low-frequency active
and passive radar suite with a passive hull array. It also has a MG519 Mouse Roar
high-frequency radar for target classification and mine avoidance. For simple
surface navigation and search the Kilos are equipped with the MRK-50 Albatros
Submarine have six torpedo tubes of standard 533-millimeter diameter,
and were originally configured to carry homing torpedoes and eighteen SS-N-15A
Starfish antisubmarine missiles. On the Improved Kilos, two of the torpedo tubes
are capable of firing wire-guided torpedoes. One major improvement of the Project
06363 is the ability to launch Kalibr cruise missiles. Kalibr is a versatile class
of missile with land-attack, antiship, and antisubmarine warfare versions.
B-271 Kolpino laid down 30 October 2014 at the Admiralty Shipyard, Saint Petersburg
(yard No.01675), launched 31 May 2016, commissioned 24 November 2016. This submarine
the last in the group of six submarines of project 06363 (Varshavyanka Mod) built
for the Black Sea Fleet.
Now in service.
| Displacement (tons):|
|Under snorkel:||7500 nmi
nmi (3 knots)|
|Diving depth (m):|
|Propulsion:||1x5800 hp PG-141M
electric motor, 1x150 hp PG-142 electric motor, 1 fixed pitch propeller, 2x1500
kW 4DL-42M diesel-generators |
8x1 9K310 Igla-1 SAM system launchers (9M313 missiles)
6 533 mm bow torpedo
tubes - 18 torpedoes 53-65K, 53-56B, 53-56BA, SET-53M, TEST-71M, USET-80, MG-74
Korund-2 torpedo decoy, Kalibr-PL missile complex (3M54K, 3M14K missiles) or 24
MRK-50 Kaskad radar complex, MRP-25 ESM radar system, Khrom-M IFF, MGK-400
Rubikon sonar complex, MG-519 Arfa mine detection sonar, MG-512 Vint self-cavitation
measurement sonar, MG-53 noise detection sonar, MG-553 Shkert , MVU-110EM Uzel
combat information control system, Andoga navigation complex
|Complement:||60 (16 officers)|