The Foxtrot class was the NATO reporting name of a class of diesel-electric
patrol submarines that were built in the Soviet Union. The Soviet designation
of this class was Project 641. The Foxtrot-class group of submarines became the
most successful of the Soviet post-World War 2 diesel-electric attack submarine
offerings. The design saw construction from the period spanning 1957 to 1983 and
were in service from 1958 until as recently as 2014 with foreign navies. Seventy-five
total boats made up the class and these served the Soviet/Russian navies as well
as the naval services of Cuba, Libya, India, Poland and Ukraine.
displaced 1952 tons when surfaced and 2475 tons when submerged. Overall length
was 91,3 m with a beam of 7,5 m and a draught down to 5 m. Power was served through
3 diesel units of 2,000 horsepower output and 3 Electric motors. Power was sent
to 3 shafts. A single auxiliary motor was also carried. Performance included a
maximum surfaced speed of 16,8 knots and a maximum submerged speed of 16 knots.
Range was out to 30,000 nautical miles giving the Foxtrot-class excellent reach.
It could stay submerged for up to five days. Its crew numbered seventy-seven.
Armament was 10 torpedo tubes with six located at the bow and four at the stern.
Twenty-two torpedo reloads were carried.
The Foxtrot-class was a regular
component of all four Soviet Navy fleets and represented one of the more important
boat groups of the Cold War years. Relatively fast and powerful, they showcased
the Soviet commitment to an effective underwater attack force rivaled by few world
powers of the period - this prior to the shift to all-nuclear-powered types. The
Russian Navy retired its last Foxtrots between 1995 and 2000; units were scrapped
and disposed of for museum purposes.
Submarine B-59 laid down 21 February
1960 at the Shipyard No.196, Leningrad (yard No.786), launched 06 June 1960, commissioned
10 June 1961 and was assigned to the Northern Fleet.
08 December 1989 transferred
to the Black Sea Fleet.
Submarine B-59 was decommissioned and excluded
from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet 19 April 1990 and scrapped.
| Displacement (tons):|
nmi (8,1 knots), 3600 nmi (15 knots)|
snorkel:||16000 nmi (7 knots)|
nmi (2 knots), 15,3 nmi (16 knots)|
|Propulsion:||3x2000 hp 37D
diesels, 1x2700 hp PG-102 electric motor, 2x1350 hp PG-101 electric motors, 1x140
hp PG-104 electric motor, 3 fixed pitch propellers|
mm torpedo tubes (6 bow, 4 stern, Project I641K – 6 533 mm bow torpedo tubes,
4 400 mm stent torpedo tubes) - 22 53-39, 53-51, 53-61, 53-61K, 53-65, SAET-60,
SAET-60M torpedoes or 32 PMR-1 mines – Leningrad-641 fire control system |
|Electronics:|| Flag surface
radar, Nakat reconnaissance radar, Khrom-K , MG-200 Arktika-M sonar, Tuloma sonar,
MG-10M noise detection sonar, Svet-M sonar system|