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Submarines

 
 
 
     
   Submarine K-318 (B-318)
Project 651 / Juliett Class
 
 
B-318
 
B-318
 
 
 

Known in the West by their NATO reporting name as the Juliett class, the Project 651 diesel-electric submarines were designed in the 1950s to provide the Soviet Navy with a nuclear strike capability against the east coast of the United States. They carried four nuclear cruise missiles, which could be launched while the submarine was surfaced and moving less than four knots (7 km/h). Once surfaced, the first missile could be launched in about five minutes; subsequent missiles would follow within about ten seconds each. Initially, the missiles were the inertially-guided P-5 (NATO reporting name SS-N-3 Shaddock). When submarine-launched ballistic missiles rendered the P-5s obsolescent, they were replaced with the P-6 (also NATO reporting name SS-N-3 Shaddock, though it is a very different missile) and the P-500 4K-80 "Bazalt" (SS-N-12 Sandbox) anti-ship cruise missiles designed to attack American aircraft carriers. A special 10m2 target guidance radar was built into the forward edge of the sail structure, which opened by rotating. The boats were eventually fitted with the Kasatka satellite downlink for targeting information.

The Juliett class had a low magnetic signature austenitic steel double hull, covered by two inch (50 mm) thick black tiles made of sound-absorbing hard rubber. They had exceptionally high reserve buoyancy, and were divided into eight watertight compartments:

the forward torpedo room
living accommodations for officers and chiefs and the forward batteries
the missile control room and batteries
the control room
crew berthing and batteries
the forward engine room containing the diesels and generators
the aft engine room with the electric motors
the aft torpedo room.

Initial plans called for 35 submarines of this class. In fact only 16 were actually built, most by Krasnoye Sormovo shipyard in Gorky. They were commissioned between 1962 and 1968, and served through the 1980s. The last one was decommissioned in 1994.

Submarine K-318 was laid down on at the Krasnoe Sormovo named after A.A.Zhdanov, Gorky (yard No.533), launched on 29 March 1968, and commissioned on 29 September 1968 into the Northern Fleet.

On 25 July 1977 renamed to B-318, and on 03 December 1982 she transferred to the Black Sea Fleet.

Decomissioned on 19 April 1990.

In 1995, the submarine was cut into metal in Inkerman.

Specifications
Displacement (tons):
Surfaced:3140
Submerged:4132
Dimensions (m):
Length:85,9
Beam:9,7
Draught:6,9
Speed (knots):
Surfaced:16
Submerged: 18,1
Range:
Surfaced:-
Under snorkel:18000 nmi (7 knots)
Submerged:810 nmi (2,8 knots), 27,8 nmi (18 knots) (with lead battery - 350 nmi (2,8 knots), 14,5 nmi (14,5 knots))
Diving depth (m):
Operational:270
Maximum:300
Endurance (days):90
Propulsion:2x4000 hp 1D43 diesels, 2x6000 hp MG-141 electric motors, 2x2000 hp PG-140 electric motors, 2 fixed pitch propellers in nozzles, 1x1000 kW diesel-generator
Armament:2x2 P-5Dcruise missiles launchers (from 1965 P-6 (4K88))
6533 mm bow torpedo tubes (6 torpedoes) Leningrad-651 fire control system
4400 mm stern torpedo tubes (12 torpedoes)
Electronics: Albatros radar complex, Nakat reconnaissance radar, Nikhrom-M IFF, ARP-53 radar radio direction finder, Tamir-5L sonar, MG-200 Arktika-M sonar, Tuloma sonar, MG-10 Kola noise detection sonar, Svet-2 sonar, MG-13 special sonar, Sila-N-651 navigation complex, Uspekh-U data link
Complement:83 (12 officers)
 
       
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