ships of the Project 1234 are intended for protection of sea communications, protection
of escorts, struggle against the surface ships in coastal areas. For struggle
against the surface ships there were six Malakhit medium range anti-ship missiles.
For distribution targets in to the main missile complex there was a system of
passive detection of the surface targets. The ships were armed Osa SAM system
with ammunition of 20 missiles and 57-mm AK-525 stern gun. The power-plant of
the ship consists of three diesel engines the common capacity 30 000 hp which
rotate three propellers. The maximal speed is 34 knots. Range of navigation with
speed of 12 knots makes 3500 nautical miles. Despite of rather small displacement,
the ship has high seaworthy qualities and ability to use the weapon at a condition
of the sea of 5 points and speeds 24 knots.
The heavily armed guided missile
corvette features more gun and zenith defense capabilities compared to previous
missile ships. The remarkable amount of fire power and electronics mounted on
such a small platform apparently was purchased at the price of poor sea-keeping
characteristics. From 1970 to 1991 there were built more then 40 corvettes. Some
of them were sold to Algeria, India, Libya, Syria.
Missile corvette Grom
laid down 01 October 1969 at the Primorskiy Shipyard, Leningrad (yard No.56),
launched 29 October 1972, commissioned 28 December 1972.
31 January 1973,
the ship joined the Baltic Fleet. 04 September 1973 transferred to the Black Sea
The corvette served in the 349th Division of small missile ships
of the 41st brigade of missile boats.
01 September 1982 ship was taken
out of service, and put into the Quarantine bay, Sevastopol.
Grom was decommissioned
and excluded from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet on 24 May 1995 and scrapped.
| Displacement (tons):|
nmi (12 knots), 1600 nmi (18 knots), 800 nmi (30 knots), 415 nmi (35 knots) |
|Propulsion:||3x10000 hp M-507A
diesels, 3 fixed pitch propellers, 2x300 kW diesel generators, 1x75 kW DGR-75/1500
2x3 KT-84 Malakhit anti-ship missile complex launchers (6 P-120 anti-ship guided
1x2 ZIF-122 4K33 Osa-M SAM system launcher (20 9M33 missiles)
- 4R-33 fire control system
1x2 57 mm AK-725 (1100 rounds) - MR-103 Bars fire
Titanit radar complex, MRP-11-12 Zaliv reconnaissance radar, Nikhrom-RRM and Nickel-KM
IFF, PK-10 Smely decoy RL (KT-216 launchers)|