missile corvette of Project 12411 is a further development of the Molniya (Lightning)
family corvettes, developed for export. It differs from its predecessor (Project
1241RE corvettes) in that the outdated P-20 missile system (SS-N-2 Styx) has been
replaced by the Moskit (SS-N-22 Sunburn) missile system which fires supersonic
antiship missiles, and that the new multirole radar system has been installed.
With its comparatively inconsiderable displacement of 550 tons, "Molniya
" is equipped with four "Moskit" supersonic anti-vessel missiles.
The Project 12411 Molniya missile corvette is intended to engage combatant
ships, amphibious ships, and other vessels at open sea. It has the variety of
weapons with surface-to-surface and surface-to-air capabilities. The unique radar
system covers the missile entire effective range, tracing concurrently 15 targets,
and assigns six designated targets under intensive EW environment. The gun fire
control system detects air and surface targets, performs automatic tracking, and
computes firing data. The radar which is used to detect surface targets provides
fire control system with designation data for five targets at a time. The corvette
is also fitted with active radar jammers and IFF radar. The missile corvette is
equipped with the full set of navigation and communication equipment, powerful
gas turbine power plant, air-conditioning and ventilation systems to provide efficient
operation in any climatic conditions.
Besides strike missiles, the corvette
has anti-aircraft missile weapons and automatic artillery installations. It has
12 portable anti-aircraft missile complexes "Igla" meant to hit air
targets in conditions of natural visibility. The on-board rapid-fire 76mm and
30mm artillery guns are meant to destroy air, surface and coastal targets. They
can also be used to liquidate floating mines. "Molniya" also has two
launchers and combined-interference shells to protect targets from anti-boat weapons
with different guidance systems. The boat's speed is up to 40 knots, sailing range
up to 1,600 miles, crew 40 members.
Missile Corvette R-109 laid down 24
July 1989, Sredne-Nevskiy Shipyard, Pontonny (yard No.212), launched 13 April
1990, commissioned 20 October 1990.
Decommissioned on December 2021.
| Displacement (tons):|
|Full load:||493 |
nmi (14 knots), 450 nmi (36 knots)|
2x16000 hp DGTA M-15A (4000 hp M-510 diesel, 12000 hp M-70 gas turbine), 2
fixed pitch propellers, 2x200 kW diesel generators, 1x100 kW diesel generator
KT-152 launchers (4 P-100 «Moskit» anti-ship missiles (3M80))|
«Strela-3M» or 9K310 «Igla-1» SAM system launcher (9M313 missiles) - 16 missiles
1x1 76 mm AK-176M (314 rounds) - MR-123-1 «Vympel-A» fire control system
30 mm AK-630M CIWS
34K1«Monolit» radar complex («Most», «Mayak», «Mech», «Massiv», MR-144 radars),
«Don» navigation radar, «Vympel-R2» ESW radar system|
PK-16 decoy RL (2 KL-101