Osa is a high speed missile boat of Soviet origin. It was developed in the early
1960's as a more capable alternative to the Komar class missile boat. The Osa
is the world's most numerous missile boat. The official Soviet designation for
this class is Project 205 Tsunami. The name Osa, which Russian for wasp, is the
NATO designation. The improved Project 205U is known as Osa II. For foreign countries,
boats of the project 205ER with simplified radio-technical equipment and for a
hot climate were also built.
The Osa class is a major improvement over the
Komar missile boats. The Osa class is four times larger, is based on a steel hull,
features 4 instead of 2 missiles, has a much improved air and self defense capability
and better sea going performance. The main armament of the Osa are the four P-15
(SS-N-2 Styx) anti-ship missiles. Air defense is provided by two AK-230 turrets
with two 30mm autocannon. One turret is fitted forward and the other aft. The
AK-230 turrets were unmanned, each armed with two 30 mm guns capable of firing
2000 rpm (400 practical) with a 2500 m practical range. For an increased air defense
capability the manually aimed quad launcher for the infra red guided Strela (SA-N-5)
surface to air missiles was added to some vessels, mostly the Osa II.
keep the design simple the Osa has three diesel engines each connected to its
own shaft. The power to weight ratio is high and results in a maximum speed of
39 knots. The Osa II has more powerful engines, slightly high maximum speed and
a tube-shaped missile launchers for the improved P-15U missile. Although the sea
going capability is better than the Komar the Osa is not a true ocean going ship
and is mostly used in coastal waters.
The Osa was widely used by Soviet
and Eastern European forces during the Cold War. It was also widely exported,
mainly to Asia and the Middle East (over 400 were made in USSR, and another 120
in China). These missile boats saw action during the War of Attrition, Yom Kippur
War, and Indo-Pakistani War of 1971, also used in the Iran-Iraq War.
boat R-113 was built by a special Project 205E at the Shipyard No.5, Leningrad
(yard No.416), commissioned 1963.
The boat of the project 206E was created
specifically for the developed a new anti-ship complex P-25. He, in contrast to
the boats of the project 205, in addition to the nose hydrofoil, also had a controlled
transom plate. When this slab was removed to negative angles of attack, the feed
was melted down and the resulting trim promoted the entry into the mode of movement
on the hydrofoil. This scheme turned out to be very promising. It also differed
from serial missile boats of the Project 205, he has a more streamlined contour
of the superstructure and the horizontal arrangement of four cylindrical container
launchers KT-62K for missiles, which, before launching, lift up to the starting
In 1965, the R-113 missile boat was returned to Leningrad for further
refinements for hydrodynamic research. The boat was disarmed and transformed into
a special towing vehicle for models according to Project 205EKB and renamed to
OK-1072, transferred to the Balaklava, Crimea, where it was used to provide hydrodynamic
research until the 1990s.
In 1997, the boat was excluded from the lists
of the fleet and scrapped.
| Displacement (tons):|
nmi (14 knots), 800 nmi (30 knots)|
hp M-503G diesels, 3 fixed pitch propellers, 1x75 kW DG-75-1 diesel generator,
1x43 kW DG-43-14/1500P diesel generator |
KT-97 anti-ship missiles launchers (4 P-15 (4K40), P-15T missiles) - then removed
KT-62K anti-ship missiles launchers (4 P-25 missiles) - after modernization, then
2x2 30 mm AK-230 (2000 rounds) – MR-104 Rys fire control system -
MR-101 Rangout radar, Nikhrom-RRM IFF, Nickel IFF, ARP-58SV radio direction finder|
|Complement:||28 (4 officers)|