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Warfare Corvettes


Missile Corvette R-160
Project 12411 / Tarantul-III class

The missile corvette of Project 12411 is a further development of the Molniya (Lightning) family corvettes, developed for export. It differs from its predecessor (Project 1241RE corvettes) in that the outdated P-20 missile system (SS-N-2 Styx) has been replaced by the Moskit (SS-N-22 Sunburn) missile system which fires supersonic antiship missiles, and that the new multirole radar system has been installed. With its comparatively inconsiderable displacement of 550 tons, "Molniya " is equipped with four "Moskit" supersonic anti-vessel missiles.

The Project 12411 Molniya missile corvette is intended to engage combatant ships, amphibious ships, and other vessels at open sea. It has the variety of weapons with surface-to-surface and surface-to-air capabilities. The unique radar system covers the missile entire effective range, tracing concurrently 15 targets, and assigns six designated targets under intensive EW environment. The gun fire control system detects air and surface targets, performs automatic tracking, and computes firing data. The radar which is used to detect surface targets provides fire control system with designation data for five targets at a time. The corvette is also fitted with active radar jammers and IFF radar. The missile corvette is equipped with the full set of navigation and communication equipment, powerful gas turbine power plant, air-conditioning and ventilation systems to provide efficient operation in any climatic conditions.

Besides strike missiles, the corvette has anti-aircraft missile weapons and automatic artillery installations. It has 12 portable anti-aircraft missile complexes "Igla" meant to hit air targets in conditions of natural visibility. The on-board rapid-fire 76mm and 30mm artillery guns are meant to destroy air, surface and coastal targets. They can also be used to liquidate floating mines. "Molniya" also has two launchers and combined-interference shells to protect targets from anti-boat weapons with different guidance systems. The boat's speed is up to 40 knots, sailing range up to 1,600 miles, crew 40 members.

Missile corvette R-160 laid down 27 Februay 1986, Sredne-Nevskiy Shipyard, Pontonny (yard No.208), launched 29 September 1987, commissioned 08 August 1988.

Was listed as part of the 295th Sulinsky Red Banner Battalion of Missile Boats of the 41st Brigade of Missile Boats.

From 1990 was renamed to Poltavskiy komsomolets, from 15 February 1992 - R-160.

He was transferred to the Caspian Flotilia in 1992. From 1997 - MAK-160, Moskitanti-ship missiles launchers and 23L1 Monolit radar complex and Vympel-R2were removed, added 4x17 140 mm BM-14-17 rocket launchers, PK-10 Smely (4 KT-216 launchers).

He was expelled from the fleet lists in 2018.

Displacement (tons):
Full load:493
Dimensions (m):
Speed (knots):41
Range:1600 nmi (14 knots), 450 nmi (36 knots)
Autonomy (days):10

2x16000 hp DGTA M-15A (4000 hp M-510 diesel, 12000 hp M-70 gas turbine), 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2x200 kW diesel generators, 1x100 kW diesel generator

Armament:2x2 KT-152 launchers (4 P-100 «Moskit» anti-ship missiles (3M80))
1x4 MTU-4US «Strela-3M» or 9K310 «Igla-1» SAM system launcher (9M313 missiles) - 16 missiles
1x1 76 mm AK-176M (314 rounds) - MR-123-1 «Vympel-A» fire control system
2x6 30 mm AK-630M CIWS
Electronics: 34K1«Monolit» radar complex («Most», «Mayak», «Mech», «Massiv», MR-144 radars), «Don» navigation radar, «Vympel-R2» ESW radar system
PK-16 decoy RL (2 KL-101 launchers)
Complement:40 (5 officers)


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