missile corvette of Project 12411 is a further development of the Molniya (Lightning)
family corvettes, developed for export. It differs from its predecessor (Project
1241RE corvettes) in that the outdated P-20 missile system (SS-N-2 Styx) has been
replaced by the Moskit (SS-N-22 Sunburn) missile system which fires supersonic
antiship missiles, and that the new multirole radar system has been installed.
With its comparatively inconsiderable displacement of 550 tons, "Molniya
" is equipped with four "Moskit" supersonic anti-vessel missiles.
The Project 12411 Molniya missile corvette is intended to engage combatant
ships, amphibious ships, and other vessels at open sea. It has the variety of
weapons with surface-to-surface and surface-to-air capabilities. The unique radar
system covers the missile entire effective range, tracing concurrently 15 targets,
and assigns six designated targets under intensive EW environment. The gun fire
control system detects air and surface targets, performs automatic tracking, and
computes firing data. The radar which is used to detect surface targets provides
fire control system with designation data for five targets at a time. The corvette
is also fitted with active radar jammers and IFF radar. The missile corvette is
equipped with the full set of navigation and communication equipment, powerful
gas turbine power plant, air-conditioning and ventilation systems to provide efficient
operation in any climatic conditions.
Besides strike missiles, the corvette
has anti-aircraft missile weapons and automatic artillery installations. It has
12 portable Igla anti-aircraft missile complex meant to hit air targets in conditions
of natural visibility. The on-board rapid-fire 76mm and 30mm artillery guns are
meant to destroy air, surface and coastal targets. They can also be used to liquidate
floating mines. "Molniya" also has two launchers and combined-interference
shells to protect targets from anti-boat weapons with different guidance systems.
The boat's speed is up to 40 knots, sailing range up to 1,600 miles, crew 40 members.
Corvette R-239 laid down 30 Apri l1991, Sredne-Nevskiy Shipyard, Pontonny (yard
No.214), launched 23 August 1991, commissioned 23 March 1992.
renamed to R-239 Naberezhnye Chelny.
Now in service.
| Displacement (tons):|
|Full load:||493 |
nmi (14 knots), 450 nmi (36 knots)|
2x16000 hp DGTA M-15A (4000 hp M-510 diesel, 12000 hp M-70 gas turbine), 2
fixed pitch propellers, 2x200 kW diesel generators, 1x100 kW diesel generator
KT-152 launchers (4 P-100 Moskit anti-ship missiles (3M80))|
1x4 MTU-4US Strela-3M
or 9K310 Igla-1 SAM system launcher (9M313 missiles) - 16 missiles
mm AK-176M (314 rounds) - MR-123-1 «Vympel-A» fire control system
2x6 30 mm
34K1 Monolit radar complex (Most, Mayak, Mech, Massiv, MR-144 radars), Don navigation
radar, Vympel-R2 ESW radar system|
PK-16 decoy RL (2 KL-101 launchers)
|Complement:||40 (5 officers)|