These ships were designed to replace the Project 205 (NATO: Osa Class) missile
boats. The Tarantul Missile Corvette (Raketnyy Kater RK) are smaller and less
capable than the previous Nanuchka Class, though several knots faster. They feature
the small hull and basic arrangement of the Pauk Class anti-submarine corvettes
with a different propulsion system. They may be considered a better armed successors
to the Osa Class missile boats.
In the Tarantul, both the single 76 mm main
gun and the two 30 mm Gatling-type guns are used for air defence, together with
a comprehensive electronic warfare suite. The corvettes were are built by the
several shipyards. A version of these ships for coastal anti submarine warfare
and patrol was developed as the Pauk class corvette or Project 12412. The first
version was based on the Pauk Class hull, though with a significantly increased
weight. Equipped with four P-15M Termit (NATO: SS-N-2 Styx) ship-to-ship missiles
(either the 40 km range P-15 Termit missile or the later P-20 variant with 80
km range) and the associated radar targeting system.
Missile Corvette R-256
laid down at the Almaz Shipyard, Leningrad (yard No.404), commissioned 1982.
corvette was part of the 41st brigade of missile boats of the Black Sea Fleet.
1987 missile corvette was renamed to Poltavskiy komsomolets.
In June 1990,
was transferred to the Bulgarian Navy, where received a new name - Malniya (hull
| Displacement (tons):|
|Full load:||469 |
nmi (13 knots), 1600 nmi (14 knots), 400 nmi (36 knots)|
hp M-15 gas turbines (5000 hp M-75 gas turbine, 12000 hp M-70 gas turbine), 2
fixed pitch propellers, 3x150 kW diesel generators |
2x2 KT-138 launchers (4 P-15M «Termit» anti-ship missiles)
«Strela-3M» or 9K310 «Igla-1» SAM system launcher (9M313 missiles), R-54 – 9K34
«Strela-3» - (9M36 missiles) - 16 missiles
1x1 76 mm AK-176 (314 rounds) -
MR-123 «Vympel» fire control system
2x6 30 mm AK-630M (2000 rounds)
radar complex, MR-405, «Don» navigation radar, «Vympel-R2» ESW radar system, PK-16
decoy RL (2 KL-10 launchers1)|