missile boats were designed at the Almaz C Design Bureau under the leadership
of A. P. Gorodyanko on the basis of a Turya-class torpedo boat. They were designed
to battle with small enemy surface ships in the coastal zone. There is only a
single foil, the aft part of the hull hydroplanes at high speeds. The P-15M launchers
are the same type as carried on the Osa-II missile boats.
The hull is smooth-decked,
steel, with a low-subsection wing, divided by waterproof bulkheads into 10 compartments.
Diesel engines are located in two compartments (the fifth and seventh), between
which there is a remote control station for the main mechanisms. Superstructures
are made of light alloys. The use of weapons is possible at speeds of up to 35
knots. The artillery armament of the missile boat was significantly increased:
instead of two 30-mm cannons, the missile boat had a 76-mm bow gun, and a 30-mm
quick-fire six-barreled stern gun.
All 12 units were built in Leningrad.
After the breakup of the USSR, Russia discarded many and five went to Ukraine,
one of which was later transferred to Georgia after a complete refurbishment.
Missile boat R-44 was built at the Sredne-Nevskiy Shipyard, Pontonny (yard
No.242), commissioned 30 September 1978.
Was listed as missile boat of
the 41st brigade of missile boats.
This missile boat was used as an experimental
for the new Uran anti-ship guided missile system and the new AK-630M1-2 Roy automatic
naval close-in weapon system based on a two a six-barreled 30 mm rotary cannons.
In 1996 was added SP-521 Rakurs combat data system.
05 October 2008, the
missile boat was excluded from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet.
2009, the missile boat was towed to Inkerman, where his superstructure was cut
into metal, and hull of the missile boat was sold to civilian company.
| Displacement (tons):|
nmi (12 knots), 1100 nmi (35 knots)|
hp M-520 diesels, 1x200 kW diesel generator, 1x200 kW diesel generator |
anti-ship missile complex 3K24 «Uran» launchers (8 3M24 missiles)
1x4 MTU-4 launcher Strela-3M SAM system (16 missiles)
1x1 76 mm AK-176M –
300 rounds – MR-123-02 Vympel-M fire control system
1x6 30 mm AK-630M – 1000
4Ts53 Garpun radar, Omega navigation radar|
PK-16 decoy RL (2 KL-101 launchers)
|Complement:||29 (5 officers)|