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Large Landing Ship Novocherkassk
Project 775 / Ropucha-I class
 

The Ropucha class, Soviet designation Project 775, is a class of landing ships (large landing ship in Soviet classification) built in Poland for the Soviet Navy. The ships were built in Poland in the Stocznia Polnocna shipyards in Gdansk. Designed for beach landings, they can carry a 500 tonn cargo. The ships have both bow- and stern-doors for loading and unloading vehicles, and the 630 square metres of vehicle deck stretches the length of the hull. In total, 28 ships of this type were commissioned from 1975 to 1991. The last three ships were of the improved variant Project 775/III, also called Ropucha II.

While designed for roll-on/roll-off operations, they can also be loaded using dockside cranes. For this purpose there is a long sliding hatch-cover above the bow section for access to the vehicle deck. The vessels can reach speeds of 18 knots and range out to 4000 nautical miles - making them somewhat independent "Blue Water" vessels.

The Ropucha-class ships have self-defense-minded weaponry installed, particularly to support shoreline actions and defend against low-flying threats. 2 twin-barreled 57mm AK-257 autocannons are carried (Ropucha I ships only) as is a single 76mm turreted gun fit (Ropucha II). To this is added 2 x 30 122mm MS-73 Grad-M rockets for area suppression. Strela-2 or Igla short-range surface-to-air missile launchers also aid in airspace deterrence. Close-in support is through 2 30mm AK-630 digital combat units sporting Gatling-style guns (Ropucha II).

Large Landing Ship BDK-46 laid down at the Stocznia Polnocna Shipyard, Gdansk, Poland (yard No.775/24), launched on 17 April 1987, commissioned on 30 November 1987 and was assigned to the Black Sea Fleet.

From 07 April 2002 - Novocherkassk.

Now in service.

Specifications
Displacement (tons):
Standard:2768
Full load:4012
Dimensions (m):
Length:112,5
Beam:15,01
Draft:4,26
Speed (knots):17,59
Range:3400 nmi (18 kts), 3500 nmi (16 kts), 4000 nmi (12 kts)
Autonomy (days):30
Propulsion:2x9600 hp Zgoda-Sulzer 16ZVB40/48 diesels, 2 fixed pitch propellers, 2 stern retractable azimuth thrusters, 3x750 kW diesel generators
Armament:2x2 57 mm AK-725 (2200 rounds) MR-103 Bars fire control system
2x40122 mm MS-73 Grad-M launchers (320 rounds) Groza-1171 fire control system
2x4 MTU-4 (on some ships 4x4) Strela or 9M38 Igla SAM system (9M39) launchers
Electronics:MR-302 Rubka air/surface search radar, Mius navigation radar
Cargo:10 main battle tanks and 340 troops or 12 BTR and 340 troops or 3 main battle tanks, 3 2S9 Nona-S, 5 MT-LB, 4 army trucks and 313 troops or 500 tons of cargo
Complement:98 (17 officers)

 

 
       
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