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Large ASW Destroyers


Large ASW Destroyer Kerch
Project 1134B / Kara Class

The 'Kara' design was the first new, large Soviet surface warship in many years, and was evidently intended to boost blue-water ASW capabilities. Although often grouped with cruisers, these ships are destroyers by role. The Kara-class was a further development of the the Kresta-II design, with gas-turbines replacing the steam plants of the previous classes, resulting in major modifications to the layout of the midships section. Although larger than the Kresta-II cruiser and with significant anti-air and anti-submarine capabilities, these ships are classified as destroyers rather than cruisers by the Russian Navy. In total on Project 1134B 7 ships were constructed, 4 of which served on the Black Sea fleet.

Large ASW Destroyer Kerch laid down 30 April 1971 at the Shipyard named after 61 kommunara, Nikolaev (yard No.2003), 25 May 1971 is enlisted in the lists of the ships of the Naval Fleet. Launched 21 July 1972, commissioned 25 December 1974 and 23 January 1975 is switched on in structure of the Black Sea fleet.

Repeatedly participated in the various ocean and sea doctrines, battle services in the Mediterranean sea. In 08.1987 was added air/surface search radar MR-650 Podberezovik instead of air/surface search radar MR-600 Voskhod.

10.08 - 14.08.1984 - visit in Varna (Bulgaria);
28.06 - 02.07.1989 - in Istanbul (Turkey);
11.08 - 15.08.1989 - in Varna (Bulgaria).

From 27 April 1994 to 12 June 1997 was flagship of the Black Sea fleet. In November, 1998 has made official visit to Cannes (France) and in Italy.

15 February 2020 the ship was excluded from the lists of the Black Sea Fleet for dismantle and realization. In 2020 the ship is cut on metal in Inkerman, Sevastopol.

Displacement (tons):
Full load:8530
Dimensions (m):
Speed (knots):33
Range:7100 nmi (18,05 knots), 3000 nmi (32 knots), 2230 nmi (33 knots)
Autonomy (days):30
Propulsion:2x46000 hp M-5 GTA (6000 hp M-62, 2x20000 hp M-8E), 2 fixed pitch propellers, 4x1250 kW GTG-12,5A turbine-type generators, 1x600 kW GTG-6M turbine-type generator
Armament:2x2 B-192 M-11 Shtorm SAM system launchers (80 V-611 (4K60) missiles) 2 4R-60 Grom-M Fire control systems
2x2 ZIF-122 4K33 Osa-M SAM system launchers (40 933 missiles) 2 4R-33 Fire control systems
2x2 76 mm AK-726 (4800 rounds) - MR-105 Turel Fire control system
4x6 30 mm AK-630 (8000 rounds) - 2 MR-123 Vympel-A Fire control systems
2x1 45 mm 21KM
2x4 KT-M-1134A URPK-3 Metel universal anti-submarine guided-missile complex launchers (8 85R missiles)
2x5 533 mm PTA-53-1134B torpedo tubes (10 53-65K, SET-53, SET-53M, SET-65 torpedoes) - Tifon-1134B Fire control system
2x12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (144 RGB-60) - Burya-1134 Fire control system
2x6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 (60 RGB-10)
1 Ka-25 helicopter
Electronics:MR-600 Voskhod air/surface search radar, MR-310A Angara-A air/surface search radar, 2 Gurzuf ESM radar systems, 2 Gurzuf-1 ESM radar systems, MR-262 Ograda ESM radar system, MP-401 Start ESM radar system, Koltco ESM radar system, 2 Volga navigation radars, Don navigation radar, 2 Nikhrom-KM and 4 Nickel-KM IFF, ARP-50R radio direction finder, MG-332T Titan-2T sonar, MG-325 Vega sonar, MG-26 Khosta underwater communication system, MG-409K sonar, MG-33, MI-110R, MI-110K submarine-search station, MVU-202 Koren-1134B combat information control system
PK-2 decoy RL (ZIF-121 launcher) - Tertciya Fire control system
Complement:425 (52 officers)


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