'Kara' design was the first new, large Soviet surface warship in many years, and
was evidently intended to boost blue-water ASW capabilities. Although often grouped
with cruisers, these ships are destroyers by role. The Kara-class was a further
development of the the Kresta-II design, with gas-turbines replacing the steam
plants of the previous classes, resulting in major modifications to the layout
of the midships section. Although larger than the Kresta-II cruiser and with significant
anti-air and anti-submarine capabilities, these ships are classified as destroyers
rather than cruisers by the Russian Navy. In total on Project 1134B 7 ships were
constructed, 4 of which served on the Black Sea fleet.
Large ASW Destroyer
Kerch laid down 30 April 1971 at the Shipyard named after 61 kommunara, Nikolaev
(yard No.2003), 25 May 1971 is enlisted in the lists of the ships of the Naval
Fleet. Launched 21 July 1972, commissioned 25 December 1974 and 23 January 1975
is switched on in structure of the Black Sea fleet.
in the various ocean and sea doctrines, battle services in the Mediterranean sea.
In 08.1987 was added air/surface search radar MR-650 Podberezovik instead of air/surface
search radar MR-600 Voskhod.
10.08 - 14.08.1984 - visit in Varna
28.06 - 02.07.1989 - in Istanbul (Turkey);
11.08 - 15.08.1989
- in Varna (Bulgaria).
From 27 April 1994 to 12 June 1997 was flagship
of the Black Sea fleet. In November, 1998 has made official visit to Cannes (France)
and in Italy.
15 February 2020 the ship was excluded from the lists of
the Black Sea Fleet for dismantle and realization. In 2020 the ship is cut on
metal in Inkerman, Sevastopol.
| Displacement (tons):|
nmi (18,05 knots), 3000 nmi (32 knots), 2230 nmi (33 knots)|
hp M-5 GTA (6000 hp M-62, 2x20000 hp M-8E), 2 fixed pitch propellers, 4x1250 kW
GTG-12,5A turbine-type generators, 1x600 kW GTG-6M turbine-type generator|
|Armament:||2x2 B-192 M-11
Shtorm SAM system launchers (80 V-611 (4K60) missiles) – 2 4R-60 Grom-M Fire control
2x2 ZIF-122 4K33 Osa-M SAM system launchers (40 9Ì33 missiles) – 2
4R-33 Fire control systems
2x2 76 mm AK-726 (4800 rounds) - MR-105 Turel
Fire control system
4x6 30 mm AK-630 (8000 rounds) - 2 MR-123 Vympel-A Fire
2x1 45 mm 21KM
2x4 KT-M-1134A URPK-3 Metel universal anti-submarine
guided-missile complex launchers (8 85R missiles)
2x5 533 mm PTA-53-1134B
torpedo tubes (10 53-65K, SET-53, SET-53M, SET-65 torpedoes) - Tifon-1134B Fire
2x12 RBU-6000 Smerch-2 (144 RGB-60) - Burya-1134 Fire control
2x6 RBU-1000 Smerch-3 (60 RGB-10)
1 Ka-25 helicopter
air/surface search radar, MR-310A Angara-A air/surface search radar, 2 Gurzuf
ESM radar systems, 2 Gurzuf-1 ESM radar systems, MR-262 Ograda ESM radar system,
MP-401 Start ESM radar system, Koltco ESM radar system, 2 Volga navigation radars,
Don navigation radar, 2 Nikhrom-KM and 4 Nickel-KM IFF, ARP-50R radio direction
finder, MG-332T Titan-2T sonar, MG-325 Vega sonar, MG-26 Khosta underwater communication
system, MG-409K sonar, MG-33, MI-110R, MI-110K submarine-search station, MVU-202
Koren-1134B combat information control system|
PK-2 decoy RL (ZIF-121 launcher)
- Tertciya Fire control system