Kommuna is a submarine
salvage ship in service with the Russian Navy's Black Sea Fleet. A double-hulled
catamaran, she was laid down at the Putilov Factory (now the Kirov Factory) in
St. Petersburg in November 1912 as Volkhov. The ship was launched the following
year, and commissioned on 14 July 1915. She was renamed Kommuna on 31 December
1922. Kommuna has served in the Russian Imperial, Soviet, and Russian Federation
navies through the Russian Revolution and two World Wars.
In 1967, the ship
sailed from the Baltic to the Black Sea, and was refitted to carry submersibles.
In 1974 she was equipped with a Type AS-6 Poisk-2 submersible, which on 15 December
1974 made a record dive to a depth of 2026 metres.
In 1984 the ship was
laid up for transfer to the Russian Academy of Sciences. However, the transfer
was cancelled, and she was thoroughly looted, and had to be completely refitted
before returning to Naval service. 01 July 1999 she was re-designated from "salvage
ship" to "rescue ship".
The Kommuna has raised over 150 vessels
in total, but submarines are not the ships only business. In 1977, it salvaged
a sunken Su-24 aircraft.
In October 2009 she received a British-built submarine
rescue submersible Pantera Plus, capable of operating to depths of up to 1000
At present moment, the Komunna rescue ship is the oldest vessel
of the Russian Navy.
Now in service.
| Displacement (tons):|
|Full load:|| 3100|
|Speed (knots):|| 8,5|
|Range:|| 4000 nmi|
|Propulsion:|| 2x600 hp 6DR30/50
diesels, 2 fixed pitch propellers|